Peace in the industry is the cardinal need of any State for its industrial progress. The State as the guardian of the community, therefore , has to look after the welfare of the community as a whole along with the interests of employers and employees.
Haryana has witnessed an unprecedented era of swift industrialization since its formation on November,1966. Maintenance of industrial peace and harmony, safeguarding and improving the working conditions of the workers in industries is the responsibility of the Labour Department. The department seeks to promote a healthy and positive partnership between the labour, the management and the Government. While the department takes care of the interests of the worker, it is sensitive to the needs of the industry. It is gratifying to record that Haryana enjoys exemplary harmonious relations in the industrial sector. This has been made possible by the conscious efforts of the Government , the willing cooperation of the workers and the managements. The subject of labour is included in the concurrent list of the Constitution of India and both the Central and State Governments are competent to enact legislation on the subject. Therefore, more than 25 labour enactments are being administered and enforced by the Labour Department.
Haryana is fast emerging as one of the most favoured investment destinations in India. The globalization of markets and a buoyant economy, have given a tremendous impetus to the industrial sector in Haryana, which already has a competitive advantage in terms of fortuitous location, basic infrastructure, a large, skilled and young workforce and an enabling Industrial Policy. In this scenario, Industrial Relations are poised at the threshold of a new era in which an increasingly dynamic balance has to be continually evolved between capital and labour, towards productive efficiency with social justice. The Central Government has also been emphasizing the need for re-orienting labour policies in line with the newly emerging economic scenario.
Harmonious industrial relations are a pre-requisite for economic growth and in today's world of technological innovations and market fluctuations; a re-alignment of the conventional objectives of the Labour Department has become necessary. Now, the Labour Department would not only have to ensure the implementation of labour laws but also create an enabling environment for enhancing productivity, competitiveness, labour welfare which would result in boosting economic development of the State, leading to greater opportunities for job creation. Towards this end, prevention of industrial strife would be one of the basic mandates of the Labour Department. It would also fulfill its role of perfecting and effectuating the techniques of mediation and conciliation of disputes, which might arise between labour and management and iron out any differences between them.
The Labour Department would make it possible for its functionaries to be in tune with the changing industrial atmosphere which requires them to act as a catalyst in maintaining harmonious industrial relations, by training them in modern management techniques in collaboration with industry. This would sensitize them to the market changes that have taken place, will keep them in touch with future global developments and lead to increasing faith and trust in their professional competence. In this regard, the State Government has formulated a 'State Labour Policy-2006'.
The aim of the Labour Policy would be to help in evolving a mutually and increasingly beneficial partnership between employers and workers; to help create conditions in which workers can make their maximum contribution towards increasing productivity while their rights are protected and their exploitation is prevented; to ensure the welfare of workers along with economic progress and stability; to help the employers and workers to cooperate continuously and resolve their differences amicably through Social Dialogue; and the Labour Policy would aim to foster peaceful and in-house settlement of disputes, by progressively narrowing down the areas of conflict and maintain industrial peace in the State, so that there are no strikes or lockouts.